The Usage of Crumb Rubber Filtration and UV Radiation for Ballast Water Treatment

Trika Pitana, Maya Shovitri, Haris Nur Fauzi

Abstract


This research is aimed to build ship’s ballast water treatment prototipe that used to inactivate microbial water patogen in ballast water to produce unpolluted ballast water that can be standardised by IMO Ballast Water Management Convention. A simple concept that used in the development of this prototype is by draining ballast water with capacity at 5 lpm, 10 lpm and 20 lpm into alternative filtration crumb rubber and UV reactor. In the filtration process using crumb rubber, ballast water will be filtered with the precision filtration up to 50 micron, while in the UV reactor ballast water will be illuminated by UV-C with maksimum dose 16,58 mW/cm2. Finally,the study shows the performance of alternative filtration of crumb rubber and UV-C irradiation on microbial water phatogen, and at what UV-C dose ballast water treatment prototipe can inactivate  microbial water phatogens, which are complying with IMO Ballast Water Management Convention ANNEX D.This research is aimed to build ship’s ballast water treatment prototipe that used to inactivate microbial water patogen in ballast water to produce unpolluted ballast water that can be standardised by IMO Ballast Water Management Convention. A simple concept that used in the development of this prototype is by draining ballast water with capacity at 5 lpm, 10 lpm and 20 lpm into alternative filtration crumb rubber and UV reactor. In the filtration process using crumb rubber, ballast water will be filtered with the precision filtration up to 50 micron, while in the UV reactor ballast water will be illuminated by UV-C with maksimum dose 16,58 mW/cm2. Finally,the study shows the performance of alternative filtration of crumb rubber and UV-C irradiation on microbial water phatogen, and at what UV-C dose ballast water treatment prototipe can inactivate  microbial water phatogens, which are complying with IMO Ballast Water Management Convention ANNEX D.

Keywords


Ballast water treatment;crumb rubber; UV-C; IMO Ballast Water Management Convention

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References


International Maritime Organisation, "Ballast Water Management Convention," in International Covention for the Control and Management of Ships, 2004.

European Maritime Safety Agency. (2013) EMSA. [Online]. http://www.emsa.europa.eu

Harley dan Prescott, Laboratory Exercises in Microbiology 5th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2002.

Z.J., Zhang, L., Shi, Y., Shao, J. C., Leng, X. D. & Zhao, Y Ren, "Microorganism Removal from Ballast Water using UV Irradiation," Journal of Residuals Science & Technology, pp. 13(1), 31-35, 2016.

Z., Butkus, M.A., Xie, Y.F., Tang, "Crumb rubber filtration: a potential technology for ballast water treatment," Chemosphere, pp. 410–423, 2006.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j25481479.v2i1.2610

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eISSN: 2548-1479

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International Journal of Marine Engineering Innovation and Research by Department of Marine Engineering ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/ijmeir.