KAMPUNG MASPATI AS A SUSTAINABLE KAMPUNG IN SURABAYA CITY

Emiria Letfiani, Arlita Widyasari

Abstract


This paper discusses the role of kampung in sustainable urban development. Because two third of the city's population live in kampung, and most of the population are people with low and middle incomes. The kampung should be able to contribute in the development of the city. Kampung Maspati RT (Neighborhood Board) 03 RW (Citizen Board) 08 as the object of this research is the winner of ‘Best of the Best kampung’ in Green and Clean 2015 competition for developing category. This kampung was once a slum kampung, but over time, local community start to increase the quality of the kampung. The aim of this study is to demonstrate empirically that the kampung Maspati is able to improve the quality of environment, social and economic aspects. The method used in this study is descriptive qualitative. The method of data collection are observation and interviews which were done directly to the residents and also to the local environment guide. Document action also used such as photography. Results of this study shows that kampung Maspati deserves the title Best of the Best Surabaya of Green and Clean 2015 for developing category, because it has managed to improve the quality of the environment, although it is still not holistically. However, it is indirectly give some impacts in improving the economy and social welfare. Overall, the communities of kampung Maspati have made it out of the slum and contributes to the development of sustainable cities.

Keywords


kampung, sustainable urban development, Surabaya

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brochure Habitat III (accessed from unhabitat.org on August, 30 2015).

Cummins, S. K. & Jackson, R. J. (2001), The Built Environment and Children’s Health, Elsevier Inc.

ICSU&ISSC. (2015), Review of Target for the Sustainable Development Goals : The Science Perspective, Paris.

Kumalasari. (2015), Evaluasi Program Surabaya Green and Clean Berbasis Sustainable Development ( Studi pada Dinas Kebersihan dan Pertamanan Kota Surabaya), Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi, Universitas Brawijaya. Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), Vol.3, No.10, 1753-1757.

Levin, H. (1995), Building Ecology : An Architect’s Perspective on Healthy Buildings. Prepared for presentation as a keynote lecture at ‘healthy building 1995’, Milan, Italy, September 10 -15.

Mirkine, A. (1996), Healing Environment: Physical, Spiritual, Emotional and Psychological Factors in Architecture that Promote Health. Architecture, University of New Mexico.

Paul Bierman-Lytle & AIA. (1992), Healthy Building : Low Toxic Construction System, Products and Approaches on Sustainable Cities. Bob Walter et al (editor). Eco-Home media : LA, California, USA.

Setijanti, P. (2006) Low-Income Inner-City Settlement Processes : a Surabaya Study. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne.

Sihombing, A. (2004), The Transformation of Kampung Kota : Symbiosys Between Kampung and Kota, a Case Study from Jakarta, Departement of Architecture, University of Indonesia.

UNEP. (2011), Towards A Green Economy : Pathways to Sustainability Development and Poverty Eradication. ( accessed from www.unep.org/greeneconomy on November, 2015).

UN-HABITAT. (2012) Sustainable Housing for Sustainable Cities : A Policy Framework for Developing Countries. United Nations Human Settlements Programme : first published in Nairobi, Kenya.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j2355262x.v14i2.a2937

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Indexing and Abstracting :

         

 


Journal of Architecture&ENVIRONMENT is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View JoAE Stats