A. Adib Abadi


Eco-urban settlement is integrated concept of environment sustainability and urban settlement. As a dominant element in urban area, housing plays a critical role in producing sustainable settlement as it significantly influences physical environmental quality as well as social and economic productivity. The provision of decent housing therefore become strategic approach to produce such a strong urban community that will functions as an importance factor in enhancing urban sustainability. However, it is not a simple idea as housing decency is a conditional aspect with regard to heterogeneous needs and housing characteristics. In dealing with urban housing insufficiency, the Government of Indonesia has introduced a housing ownership program for low to mid income people. This strategy in some extent offers social, economic and environmental benefits and forms strong neighbourhood and communities that will be valuable capital for enhancing urban sustainability. However, this strategy does not present its incentives as it puts its orientation on quantitative measure rather than social aspect. This paper exposes the condition of low-mid income housing policy implementation in relation to eco-urban settlement process. The fact that about 40.2% of abandoned low-mid income houses in the municipality of Bekasi, in West Java, Indonesia indicates the importance of social dimension in dealing with sustainable urban settlement objectives. Regression analysis of data both at macro and micro levels discloses the correlation between low mid people needs and the abandonment. The result shows the importance of integrating social dimension into the housing provision strategy for effectively achieving
eco-urban settlement goal.


Eco-Urban Settlement; Low-mid Income; Housing Vacancy, Bekasi

Full Text:



Abadi, A. A. (2009), Phenomena of Housing Vacancies at Mid Low Income Housing in the Municipality of Bekasi, Dissertation, Study Program of Architecture ITB, Bandung.

Basolo, V. Strong, D. (2002), Understanding the Neighborhood: From Residents’ Perception and Needs to Action, Housing Policy Debate, 13 (1), 83-103,Fannie Mae Foundation pp. 83-103.

Bassett,E.M., Schweitzer J.Panken, S. (2006), Understanding Housing Abandonment and Owner Decision-Making in Flint, Michigan: An Exploratory Analysis, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Working Paper.

Belsky, E.S. Lambert,M.(2001), Where Will They Live: Metropolitan Dimensions of Affordable Housing Problems, Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University, Discussion Paper, September.

Byrne, J.P. Diamond, M. (2007), Affordable Housing, Land Tenure and Urban Policy, Fordham Urban Law Journal, 34.

Cho, Y. and Whitehead, C. (2006), Affordable Low Cost Home wnership: A Case Study, ENHR International Conference, 2-5 July, Ljubljana, Slovakia.

Devas N. Rakodi, C. (1993), Managing Fast Growing Cities: New Approaches to Urban Planning in the developing World, Addison-Wissley Longman Scientific Ltd., London.

Dowall, D.E. (1992), Benefits of Minimal land-use Regulation in Developing

Countries, Cato Journal, Fall, 12 (2).

Eastaway, M.P. Stǿa, E. (2004), Dimensions of housing and urban sustainability, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 19, 1–5.

Erguden, S. (2001), Low-cost Housing. Policies and Constraints in Developing Countries, International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development, 2-5 October , Nairobi, Kenya.

Freeman, L. (1998), Interpreting the Dynamic of Public Housing: Cultural and rational Choice Explanations, Housing Policy Debate, 9 (2), 323-352,Fannie Mae Foundation.

Grimes, A. Kerr, S. Aitken, A. Sourell, R.(2006), The Housing Fulcrum: Balancing Economic And Social Factors In Housing Research And Policy, Kõtuitui : New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 1, 65-79. Royal Society of New Zealand

Hall, P. Pfeiffer, U. (2000), Urban Future 21. A global Agenda for Twenty first Century Cities, E&FN Spon and Federal Ministry of Transport, Building

and Housing, New York.

Harris, I. Young, S., (1983) Buyer Motivation = Human Needs, Real Estate Today, June.

Kunz, J.(2006), Social Sustainability and Community Involvement in Urban Planning: Lessons from the Eco-City Project, Housing and Environment ,8.

Morrow, M.J.(2001), Affordable Housing Policy: Integration of Land Use Tools and the Role of the State Growth Management, Major Paper for Master of Urban and Regional Planning, Virgina Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Mulder, C.H. (2005), Home-ownership and family formation, Paper for Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.

Priemus, H. (2006), European Policy and National Housing System, ENHR

Conference, 2-5 July , Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Rohe, W.M. Stewart, L.S. (1996), Homeownership and Neighborhood Stability, Housing Policy, 7 (1), 37-81, Fannie Mae Foundation.

Roseland, M.(1998), Toward Sustainable Communities, New Society Publishers Gabriola Island BC, Canada.

Turner, J.F.C.(1976), Housing by People, Toward Autonomy in Building Environments, Marion Boyars, London.

van Schie, Els CM. (2006), Knowledge-based housing policy: The Dutch Example, ENHR International Conference, 2-5 July, Ljubljana, Slovakia.

Van Zandt, S. (2006), The Costs and Benefits of Home-ownership, Center for Urban and Regional Studies. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

White, R.R. (2002) Building the Ecological City, Cambridge, Woodhead Publishing Ltd.

Winston, N. (2009), Urban Regeneration for Sustainable Development: The Role of Sustainable Housing?, European Planning Studies, 17 (12), 1781-1796.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing and Abstracting :



Journal of Architecture & Environment is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


View JoAE Stats