THE HUMAN DIMENSION IN INTELLIGENT LIVING ENVIRONMENT
increasing demand for suitable dwellings focused on the human dimension of construction is to be expected. This global issue of aging in place is a wakeup call for us architects to move towards constructions that empower this active aging. A significant contribution can be provided by “Domotics”; which is defined as the advanced technological equipments and services in the domestic environment to sustain and to enhance the quality of aging in place as well as empowerment of the senior citizen (in daily life). This paper is based on literature review, qualitative and quantitative studies i) it seeks to inform the development of domotics technology in the living environment of the older adults; ii) it provides an overview of the multiplicity of needs and attitudes of the older citizens in regards to smart technology in the domestic environment; iii) and develops recommendations to incorporate domotics in the architectural structure of the dwelling keeping the Human factor in mind. This study on senior citizens’ needs and attitudes toward domotics is based upon a triangulation of cohort-group discussions, enabling techniques and in-depth interviews followed by a postal questionnaire survey. The findings indicate that needs, perceptions, environmental and personal attributes of the seniors determine their attitudes towards automation. This attitude can be described as ‘critical/positive’. Too much automation, where little or no consideration is put towards the user’s needs, is regarded as undesirable. Ethical considerations are particularly related to, professional stakeholders, especially caregivers, whereas seniors are mainly interested in the functionality of domotics. The integration and domestication of domotics in a house needs to be a synthesis of the user’s needs, technology, the living environment, services and healthcare.To enable aging in place and the acceptance of (care through) domotics we need, i) to familiarize inhabitants with smart technology, ii) to domesticate and personalize it, iii) as well as to (imperceptibly) apply need-based technology in the (pre-existing) homes.
Allport, G. (1935), Attitudes, A Handbook of Social Psychology, Clark University Press, Worchester, MA, pp. 798-844.
Batenburg, R., Breedveld, E., Haaf, J., Pardoel, K., and Versendaal, J. (2004), Innovative Ict-Chance in the Field of the Challenges of a Greying Population, the Experts Indicate that it is Often Unclear What Exactly are the Needs of the Citizens, University of Tilburg and Utrecht.
Belk, R. W. (1988), Possessions and the Extended Self, Journal of Consumer Research, 15 (2), 139-168.
Berry, D. (1988). The Marketing Concept Revisited: It′s Setting Goals, not Making a Mad Dash for Profits, Marketing News, No.18 July, pp.26-8.
D’souza, N. (2004), Designing a More Inclusive World, Springer Verlag, London.
Davis, F. (1989), Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User
Acceptance of Information Technology, MIS Quarterly, 13 (3), 318– 340).
Dittmar, H. (1989), Gender Identity-Related Meanings of Personal Possessions, British Journal of Social Psychology, 28 (6), 159-171.
ECTP, European Construction Technology Platform (2005), Challenging and Changing Europe’s. Built Environment: A Vision for a Sustainable and Competitive Construction Sector by 2030, (Accessed on 25 March 2007)
Fishbein, M. and Ajzen, I. (1975), Belief, Attitude, Intention and Behavior: an Introduction to Theory and Research, AddisonWesley, Reading, MA.
Flick, U. (2007), Designing Qualitative Research, SAGE Publications, London.
Freedman. (2002), Prime Time: How Baby Boomers Will Revolutionize Retirement and Transform America, Public Affairs, United state, ISBN-10: 1586481207.
Gibson, J. J. (1977), The Theory of Affordances (pp. 67-82). In R. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.). Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.
Hayward, D. G. (1975), Home as an Environmental and Psychological Concept, Landscape, 20 (1), 2-9.
Kleine, R.E., Kleine, S.S., &Kernan, J.B. (1993), Mundane Consumption and the Self: A Social Identity Perspective, Journal of Consumer Research, 2 (3), 209-235.
Kolata, G. (2006), So Big and Healthy Grandpa Wouldn't Even Know You. , (Accessed on 20 May 2009)
Leppänen, S. and Jokinen, M. (2003), Daily Routines and Means of Communication in a Smart Home, R. Harper, Inside the Smart Home, Springer, UK.
Lichtenberg, J. (2005), Slimbouwen® . Boxtel: Aeneas.
Maslow, A. (1954), Motivation and Personality. Harper, New York.
Mohammadi, M. (2010), Empowering Seniors through Domotic Homes: Integrating Intelligent Technology in Senior Citizens’ Homes by Merging the Perspectives of Demand and Supply, PhD dissertation, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, ISBN 978-90-6814-627-1.
Nasar, J. L. and Evans-Cowley, J. (2007), Universal Design and Visitability: from Accessibility to Zoning. Columbus, Ohio.
Oudshoorn, N. and Pinch, T. (2003), How Users Matter. The Co-construction of Users and Technology. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England.
Pedersen, P. E., Ling, R. (2002), Modifying Adoption Research for Mobile Internet Services Adoption: Cross-disciplinary Interactions, Proceedings of the 36th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii
Pennartz, P. J. (1979), Mensen en Ruimte: een Studie naar de Sociale Betekenis van de Gebouwde Omgeving, Landbouwhogeschool, Wageningen.
Priemus, H. (1984), Nederlandse Woontheorieën; Volkshuisvesting in Theorie en Praktijk, deel 6, DeKtseUniversitaire Pers, Delft.
Rappoport, L. (1977), Psychology and Problems of Today, University of Colorado, Boulder, ISBN 0673078906.
Rogers, E. M. (2003), Diffusion of Innovations (5th ed.), Free Press, New York.
SCP, Social en Cultural Plan bureau. (2004), Care and Living for Vulnerable Elderly Report Elderly, Social and Cultural Plan Bureau, Den Haag.
Silverstones, R. and Kirsch, E. (1992), Consuming Technologies: Media and Information in Domestic Spaces, Routledge, London/New York.
Thackara, J. (2003), Door of Perception , (Accessed on 20 November 2008).
Venkatesh, A., Kruse, E., and Shih, E. (2003), The Networked Home: an Analysis of Current Developments and Future Trends, Cognition, Technology and Work, 5 (1), 23.
Zeisel, J. (1997), Inquiry by Design, Cambridge University Press, UK.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Indexing and Abstracting :
Journal of Architecture & Environment is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License