The Impact of Coastal Tourism Activities on Water Quality at Baluran National Park

Nike Ika Nuzula, Haryo D. Armono, Daniel M. Rosyid


Baluran is a national park identified as biologically and nun-biologically rich area in East Java. It has physical landscapes with high tourism potential. In the past five years, tourists visit has significantly increased, where leds to water quality degradation around the coast. The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between tourists visit and water degradation phenomena in the area of study. The PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and IPL (Environmental Pollution Index) is used for analysis. Research was performed in the rainy and dry seasons. The correlation of water quality parameters in dry season is higher than in the rainy season. Water environment pollution index is 0.027 (category not polluted) in dry season and 0.48 (category not polluted) in rainy seasons.


Baluran National Park; PCA; IPL; water quality degradation

Full Text:



Dodds, R., 2007. Malta’s tourism policy: standing still or advancing towards sustainability? Island Studies Journal, 2(1): 47-66.

Wong PP. 1991. Coastal tourism in Southeast Asia. ICLARM, Education Series 13, 40p, Manila.

Monoarfa, W., 2002. Dampak pembangunan bagi kualitas air di kawasan pesisir Pantai Losari Makassar. Science & Technology, 3 (3): 37-44.

Muryono, Mukhammad. 2011. Analisis tata ruang (zonasi) pengembangan ekowisata di kawasan taman nasional baluran jawa timur. Berk Penel Hayati Volume 17 halaman 115-117.

Bengen, D.G., 2000. Sinopsis teknik pengambilan contoh dan analisis data biofisik sumberdaya pesisir. Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir&Lautan Faperikan, Institut Pertanian Bogor (PKSPL-IPB), Bogor.

Pradhan, U.K., P.V. Shirodkar & B. K. Sahu, 2009. Physico-chemical characteristics of the coastal water off Devi estuary, Orissa and evaluation of its seasonal changes using chemometric techniques. Current Science, 96 (9):1203-1209.

Nemerow, N.L. 1991. Stream, Lake, Estuary and Ocean Pollution. Secand edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold. New York.

Scott, D., G. McBoyle & M. Schwartzentruber, 2004. Climate change and the distribution of climatic resources for tourism in North America. Climate Research, 27:105-117.

Davies, O.A., A.A.A. Ugwumba & D.D. Abolude, 2008. Physico-chemistry quality of Trans-Amadi (Woji) Creek Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Fisheries International, 3 (3):91-97.

Arun, A.U., 2005. Impact of artificial structures on biodiversity of estuaries: a case study from cochin estuary with emphasis on clam beds. Applied Ecology & Environmental Research, 4(1): 99-110.

Effendi H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air Bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Perairan. PT. Kanisius. Hal 257.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at