Aeration - Advanced Filtration (AAF) Treatment for Reducing Iron and Chloride in Natural Groundwater

Nur Aini Febriyana, Ali Masduqi


The production of drinking water for the needs of rural communities generally stilldepend on natural water sources. Communities in rural areas usually use groundwaterfor their daily needs. The water supply in Sampang Regency, East Java Provincehas groundwater problem, i.e. the amount of iron and chloride in the water supplyexceed the maximum amount allowed by PERMENKES No. 492/2010. Therefore,this study proposes a method for drinking water treatment using diffused aeration,as pretreatment, and followed by filtration processing. This pretreatment is meantfor reducing iron. The filtration process is carried out in stages with an advancedfilter of low continuous discharge. The filter media uses resin activated carbon andmicrofiltration to remove suspended and dissolved ions. The results of aeration andfiltration processing (AAF) shows that the preprocessed water have Cl-removal of98.39%, TDS-removal of 97.394%, and iron-removal of 97.41%


Advance Filtration; Aeration; Natural Groundwater; Water Treatment

Full Text:

Full Text


Widyastuti S, Sari AS. Kinerja Pengolahan Air Bersih Dengan Proses Filtrasi Dalam Mereduksi Kesadahan. Jurnal Teknik 2011;9(1):42–53.

Kusnaedi. Mengolah Air Kotor untuk Air Minum. Jakarta: Panebar Swadaya; 2010.

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 492/MENKES/PER/IV/2010, Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, editor, Persyaratan Kualitas Air Minum. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2010.

Shamshuddin J, Anda M. Charge Properties of Soils in Malaysia Dominated by Kaolinite, Gibbsite, Goethite and Hematite. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia 2008;54:27–31.

Reynolds TD, Richards PA. Unit Operations and Processes in Environmental Engineering. 2 ed. Boston: PWS Publishing Company; 1995.

Musa S, Denan F, Hamdan R, Radin Mohamed S. Natural Groundwater Eco-Treatment (N-GET) for Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 2015;9(1):19–27.

Zamouche R, Bencheikh-Lehocine M, Meniai AH. Oxygen Transfer and Energy Savings in A Pilot-Scale Batch Reactor for Domestic Wastewater Treatment. Desalination 2007 feb;206(1-3):414–423.

Seadar JD, Heneley JE. Separation Process Principles. 2 ed. Hoboken,New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2005.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at