A comparative study of finger vein recognition by using Learning Vector Quantization
Abstract¾ This paper presents a comparative study of finger vein recognition using various features with Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) as a classification method. For the purpose of this study, two main features are employed: Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Local Extensive Binary Pattern (LEBP). The other features that formed LEBP features: Local Multilayer Binary Pattern (LmBP) and Local Directional Binary Pattern (LdBP) are also employed. The type of images are also become the base of comparison. The SIFT features will be extracted from two types of images which are grayscale and binary images. The feature that have been extracted become the input for recognition stage. In recognition stage, LVQ classifier is used. LVQ will classify the images into two class which are the recognizable images and non recognizable images. The accuracy, false positive rate (FPR), and true positive rate (TPR) value are used to evaluate the performance of finger vein recognition. The performance result of finger vein recognition becomes the main study for comparison stage. From the experiments result, it can be found which feature is the best for finger vein reconition using LVQ. The performance of finger vein recognition that use SIFT feature from binary images give a slightly better result than uisng LmBP, LdBP, or LEBP feature. The accuracy value could achieve 97,45%, TPR at 0,9000 and FPR at 0,0129.
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