Geopolitics of Portugal in Atlantic Sea

Maulana Reza Adhitama


Neo-realism argues that states belong to an anarchic world in which there is no great power governing on it. State is required to have survival capability in a self-help system. Inter-state relations may encourage a country to exercise their power as a means of survival in an anarchist world. The Atlantic Sea plays a vital role in maintaining international stability and security to balance the power distribution within the region. Since days of discovery, Portugal have shown their capabilities in navigating the sea, through high seas, islands and across continents in looking for most-wanted sources at the time, spices. They have cemented their dominance at various strategic points along international shipping lanes. Further, having the longest coastline in Europe makes Portugal´s politics in maritime realm quite decisive. Based on the neo-realism perspective developed by Kenneth Waltz, the author outlines the strategic steps adopted by Portuguese towards transition of global power during post World-War II. This article reveals that construction of Portuguese national identity determines their national interest in regards of their foreign policy in maritime security policy.


neo-realism; international politics; Portugal; United States; geopolitics; Atlantic Sea; cold war; alliance

Full Text:



K. N. Waltz, Theory of International Politics. California: Addison-Wesley, 1979.

N. S. Teixeira, “Portugal e a NATO: 1949-1999.,” Naçao e Def., vol. 2, no. 89 (Spring, 1999), pp. 15 – 41, 1999.

Cohen Saul Bernard, Geopolitics: The Geography of International Relations, 3rd Editio. London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.

P. S. da C. Pereira, Portuguese Foreign Policy: Constraints and Responses dalam Benoni Belli & Filipe Nasser (Ed.).The Road Ahead: The 21st Century World Order in the Eyes of Policy Planners. 2018.

Conceito Estratégico da Defesa Nacional.n.d. Governo de Portugal.

L. M. B. Bernardino, A NATO e Portugal, Alinhamentos para um Novo Conceito Estratégico da Aliança. Portugal: Instituto da Defesa Nacional, 2010.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View my Stat: Click Here

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.