Lightning Performance of Extra High Voltage 500 kV Lines at East Java- Indonesia

Reynaldo Zoro, Eko Y. Pramono


Extra High Voltage (EHV) 500 kV transmission lines has higher insulation strength against overvoltages produced by lightning strikes compare to lower transmission lines voltage such as 150 kV or 70 kV transmission lines. Observation was carried out at EHV 500 kV Paiton-Kediri line located at east Java island of Indonesia. This line has operated for more than five-years. In fact is there were many insulators were broken by lightning strikes, especially during rainy season. A large number of broken insulator at many towers deterioted performance of the lines, in which many line outages occured. This study presents the evaluation results of performance of the lines concerning its robustness agains lighting strikes. Investigation of the characteristics of lightning strikes in the area along the lines was carried out. From this observation and study it founds that some towers need to be improved to have better performance against overvoltage due to direct lightning strikes to the towers. By using Severity index methodology, local lightning data and innovation technology for lightning protection system significant results were derived.


Lightning Performance; Shielding Failure; Back flashover; Flash Density

Full Text:



Hileman, A.R., ‘Insulation Coordination for Power Systems’, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1999.

Berger, K., ‘The Earth Flash’, dalam Lightning Volume 1: Physics of Lightning, Bob Golde, R.H., Editor, Academic Press, London, 1977, halaman 119 – 190.

Ragaller, K., ‘Surge in High Voltage Networks’, Plenum Publishing, Co., New York, 1980.

Whitehead, E.R., ‘Protection of Transmission Lines’, dalam Lightning Volume 2 : Lightning Protection, Bab 22, Golde, R.H., Editor, Academic Press, London, 1977, halaman 697 – 746.

Cliff, J.S., ‘Insulation Coordination’, dalam Lightning Volume 2 : Lightning Protection, Bab 24, Golde, R.H., Editor, Academic Press, London, 1977, halaman 773 – 792.

Anderson, J.G., ‘Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines’, dalam Transmission Lines Reference Book : 345 kV and Above, Bab 12, LaForest, J.J., Editor, Palo Alto, California, 1982, halaman 545 – 597.

Zoro, R., ‘Proteksi Terhadap Tegangan Lebih pada Sistem Tenaga Listrik (Surge Protection)’, dalam Proteksi Sistem Tenaga Bagian I , ITB, Bandung, 1987.

IEEE, ‘IEEE Guide for Improving the Lightning Performance

of Transmission Lines’, IEEE Standard 1243-1997, Dec. 1997.

Zoro., R., ’Karakteristik Petir dan Kondisi Cuaca di Daerah Tropis: Kasus di Gn. Tangkuban Perahu Indonesia’, Disertasi

Program Doktor, ITB, Bandung, 1999.

Kinoshita_Y., dkk., ‘Lightning Surge Response of Actual 500 kV

Transmission Tower with Overhead Ground Wires’, Proc. 27th

International Conference on Lightning Protection, Avignon,

, halaman 6b3.

CIGRE Working Group 01 of study committee 33, ‘Guide To Procedures For Estimating The Lightning Performance of

Transmission Lines’, Electra, Paris, 1991.

Yoh Yasuda, dkk., ‘Lightning Surge Analysis for 500 kV

Transmission line using Grounding Model with Dynamic Characteristic’, Proc. in International Conference on Power SystemsTransients, Montreal, 2005.

Chowduri, P., ‘Parameters of Lightning Strokes and Their Effects on Power Systems’, Proc. of IEEE/PES Transmission and

Distribution Conference and Exposition, Atlanta, 2005.

Omura, H., dkk., ‘Observation of Lightning Overvoltage Japanese EHV Station ‘, Proc. 27th International Conference on

Lightning Protection, Avignon, 2005, halaman 6P8.

Hidayat, S., Ishii, M. ‘Lightning Discharge on Land and Sea in

Indonesia,’ Proc in ICPADM 2006, Vol 1, Denpasar Bali. 2006, materi nomor K-7.

Soetjipto, S., Sunoto, M. A., Iskanto, E., ‘Polarity and probability

of ligthning current magnitude in Java Island of Indonesia’, Proc.8th ISH, Yokohama, 1993, materi nomor 17.12.

Greenwood, A., ‘Electrical Transients in Power Systems’, Second

Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 1991.

ANSI C92.1-1982, ‘American National Standard for Power System Insulation Coordination’, ANSI, New York, 1982.

Prasetijo, Dj., ’Operating Experiences With EHV Transmission

Sistem in Java’, Jurnal Teknik Tegangan Tinggi Indonesia, Forum Studi Teknik Tegangan Tinggi Antar Universitas, Jakarta, 1999.

Zoro, R., Pramono, E.Y., ’Evaluasi Gangguan dan Penanggulangan Sambaran Petir Pada Saluran Udara Tegangan

Ekstra Tinggi di PT PLN (Persero) P3B RJTB Indonesia’, LAPI ITB, Bandung, 2006.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at