Performance of Submerged Membrane Bioreactor Combined with Powdered Activated Carbon Addition for the Treatment of an Industrial Wastewater

Tri Widjaja, Ali Altway, Soeprijanto Soeprijanto

Abstract


Membrane technology is one of the alternative solutions to overcome industrial wastewater treatment developed nowadays. The addition of PAC (Powdered Activated Carbon) in the activated sludge using Submerged Membrane Adsorption Hybrid Bioreactor (SMAHBR) is expected to increase the organic material removal. The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of submerged membrane bioreactor and activated carbon adsorption capacity of organic materials in wastewater. This study used SIER (Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut – Surabaya, Indonesia) waste as activated sludge operated at Mixed Liquor Suspended Solid (MLSS) concentrations of 8000 and 15000 mg/l, and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) concentrations of 1500, 2500 mg/l, Sludge Retention Time (SRT) of 10;20; and 30 days and activated carbon variables of 0%; 2.5%; 5%; 7.5%; 10%. The results showed that the fouling potential occurred at high MLSS where the COD removal occurred at PAC addition of 10% reaching 91.86%. High Soluble Microbial Product (SMP) accumulation (± 10 mg/l) occurred in short SRT and high MLSS concentration. PAC addition resulted in decreased microorganisms in the reactor and better effluent of SMAHBR, as a result, the performance of the submerged membrane bioreactor would be restored.

Keywords


Submerged Membrane Adsorption Hybrid Bioreactor; Powdered Activated Carbon

Full Text:

PDF

References


APHA, AWWA, and WEF, 1998, “Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater”, 17th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington DC.

D. J. Barker and D. C. Stuckey, 1999, “A review of soluble microbial products (SMP) in waste water treatment systems”, Water Research 33, (14), 3063-3082.

K. Brindle and T. Stephenson, 1996, “The application of membrane biological reacrors for the treatment of wastewaters”, Biotechnol, Bioeng, 49 (6), 601-610.

B. D. Cho and A. G. Fane, 2002. “Fouling transients in nominally subcritical flux operation of a membrane bioreactor”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 209, 391-403.

Dialynas and E. Diamadapoulos, 2008, “Integration of immersed membrane ultrafiltration with coagulation and activated carbon adsorption for advanced treatment of municipal wastewater”, Desalination 230, 113–127.

X. Juan Gai and H. S. Kim, 2008, “The role of powdered activated carbon in enhancing the peformance of membrane systems for water threatment”, Desalination 225, 288–300.

H. S. Kim, H. Katayama, S. Takizawa, and S. Ohgaki, 2001, “Removal of Coliphage Kibeta and Organic Matter from Synthetic Secondary Effluent by PAC- NF Process”, Proc. IWA Specialized Conference on Membrane Technology, Israel, 211-219.

Y. Liu, 2003, “Chemically reduced excess sludge production in the activated sludge process”, Chemosphere 50, 1–7.

S. Liang, C. Liu, and L. Song, 2007, “Soluble microbal products in membrane bioreactor operation : Behaviors, characteristics, and fouling potential”, Water Research 41, 95-101.

A. Masse, M. Sperandio, and C. Cabassud, 2006, “Comparison of sludge characteristics and performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor and an activated sludge process at high solids retention time”, Water Research 40, 2405-2415.

G. Munz and R. Gori, 2007, “Powdered Activated Carbon and Membrane Bioreactors (MBR-PAC) for tannery wastewater treatment: long term effect on biological and filtration process

performance”, Desalination 207, 349-360.

H. Nagaoka, S. Ueda, and A. Miya, 1996, “Influence of bacterial extracellular polymers on the membrane separation activated sludge process”, Water Science Technology 34, 165-172.

L. Nicolas, M. Sperandio, and C. Cabassud, 2007, “Study of a hybrid process : Adsorption on activated carbon/membrane bioreactor for the treatment of an industrial wastewater”, Chemical Engineering and Processing 47, 303-307.

W. Nishijima, H. Itoh, M. Okada, A. Murakami, 1993, “Simultaneous removal of phenol and ammonium nitrogen by activated process added with biological support media and fixed-bed process”, Water Enviroment 16, 284–290.

K. Ouyang and L. Junxin, 2009. “Effect of sludge retention time on sludge characteristics and membrane fouling of membrane bioreactor”, Journal of Eviromental Sciences 21, 1329-1335.

Y. Satyawali and M. Balakrishnan, 2009, “Effect of PAC addition on sludge properties in an mbr treating high strength wastewater”, Water Research 43, 1577 – 1588.

D. W. Sundstrom and H. E. Klei, 1979, Wastewater Treatment, London : Prentice-Hall International, Inc.

T. Widjaja, T. Miyata, W. Nakano, W. Nishijima, and M. Okada, 2004, “Adsorption capacity of powdered activated carbon for 3,5 dichlorophenol in activated carbon”, Chemosphere 57, 1219-1224.

K. Yamamoto, M. Hiasa, T. Mahmood, and T. Matsuo, 1989, “Direct solid liquid separation using hollow fiber membrane in an activated sludge aeration tank”, Water Science Technology 21, 43-54.

Z. Ying and G. Ping, 2006, “Effect of powdered activated carbon dosage on retarding membrane fouling in MBR”, Separation and Purification Technology 52, 154–16.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j20882033.v21i1.24

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/jts.