A Review of Solar-Powered Boat Development

Adi Kurniawan


Research in the application of renewable energy has intensified in recent years. The possibility of petroleum extinction in the future is forcing researchers to enhance the utilization of renewable energy resources as substitute for fossil fuel-based technologies in all fields. Ships as one of the most important transportation in the world also require diesel oil as fuel for main propulsion systems and for diesel generators which supply electrical needs. Solar energy has been considered as the most suitable renewable energy resources to substitute the role of fuel in the ships. In this paper, the latest research on the utilization of solar energy in the ship are presented and analyzed to provide information for the researchers who developed the technology of solar-powered boat


Solar energy; electric propulsion; maximum power point tracking; hybrid power; battery management system; battery charger

Full Text:



N. Khaehintung, P. Sirisuk and W. Kurutach, "A Novel ANFIS Controller for Maximum Power Point Tracking," in The Fifth International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Singapore, 2003.

K. Mahmud, S. Morsalin and M. I. Khan, "Design and Fabrication of an Automated Solar Boat," International Journal of Advance Science and Technology, vol. 64, p. 31–42, 2014.

K. J. Lee, D. S. Shin, J. P. Lee, D. W. Yoo, H. K. Choi and H. J. Kim, "Hybrid Photovoltaic/Diesel Green Ship Operating in Standalone and Grid-Connected Mode in South Korea - Experimental investigation," in IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, Seoul, 2012.

S. Babu and J. V. Jain, "On-Board Solar Power for Small-Scale Distant-water Fishing Vessels," in Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, San Jose, CA, 2013.

E. S. Koenhardono, E. B. Djatmiko, A. Soeprijanto and M. I. Irawan, "Neural Network-Based Engine Propeller Matching ( NN-EPM ) for Trimaran Patrol Ship," Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 493, p. 388–394, 2014.

S. H. Ko and R. M. Chao, "Photovoltaic dynamic MPPT on A Moving Vehicle," Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 6, p. 1750–1760, 2012.

S. H. Ko and R. M. Chao, "A Quadratic Maximization MPPT Method Applied to PV System on a Moving Vehicle," in Power and Energy Engineering Conference, Shanghai, 2012.

E. Haryanto, A. A. Masroeri, A. Kurniawan and A. S. Surya, "Optimasi Boost Converter Panel Surya sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif Penerangan Kmp Allu. dengan Metode Logika Fuzzy," Jurnal Teknik ITS, vol. 4, no. 2, p. B124 – B129, 2015.

S. Freire, "Designing and Building a Solar Powered Model Boat," International Baccalaureate Organization, Geneva, 2009.

G. S. Spagnolo, D. Papalillo, A. Martocchia and G. Makary, "Solar-Electric Boat," Journal of Transportation Technologies, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 144–149, 2012.

C. Rivera-solorio, A. J. Garcia-Cuellar and A. Flores, "Design and Construction of a Boat Powered by Solar Energy with the Aid of Computational Tools," International Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 29, no. 2, p. 380–387, 2013.

T. Stuart, F. Fang, X. Wang, C. Ashtiani and A. Pesaran, "A Modular Battery Management System for HEVs," in SAE Int 2002 Future Car Congress, Arlington, Virginia, 2002.

Y. Xing, E. W. M. Ma, K. L. Tsui and M. Pecht, "Battery Management Systems in Electric and Hybrid Vehicles," Energies, vol. 4, no. 11, p. 1840–1857, 2011.

R. Leiner, "Research Solar Power Boat – Data Management and Online Visualization," in AFRICON, Windhoek, 2007.

G. Loois, F. P. H. Wouters, G. M. Koerts and T. C. J. Van Der Weiden, "Monitoring Results of PV for Electric Propulsion in Recreational Boating," in Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Waikoloa, Hawai, 1994.

G. C. D. Sousa, D. S. L. Simonetti, , E. E. C. Norena and J. P. Rey, "Efficiency Optimization of a Solar Boat Induction Motor Drive," in Industry Applications Conference, Rome, 2000.

T. B. Soeiro, T. J. Jappe, W. M. dos Santos, D. C. Martins and M. L. Heldwein, "Propulsion and Battery Charging Systems of an All-Electric Boat Fully Constructed with Interleaved Converters Employing Interphase Transformers and Gallium Nitride ( GaN ) Power FET Semiconductors," in Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Fort Worth, TX, 2014.

K. Lee, D. Shin, D. Yoo, H. Choi and H. Kim, "Hybrid Photovoltaic/Diesel Green Ship Operating in Standalone and Grid-Connected mode e Experimental Investigation," Energy, vol. 49, p. 475–483, 2013.

Nippon Yusen Kaisha, "NYK Line," Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, K. H. Industries, M. T. Institute, and N. K. Kyokai, “World’s First Solar-Power-Assisted Vessel Further Developed - Car Carrier Auriga Leader to be Fitted with Hybrid Power Supply System and Ballast-Water Management System,, 25 May 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.nyk.com/english/release/1414/ne_110525.html.

A. Al-Alawi, S. M. Al-Alawi and S. M. Islam, "Predictive Control of An Integrated PV-diesel Water and Power Supply System using An Artificial Neural Network," Renewable Energy, vol. 32, no. 8, p. 1426–1439, 2007.

H. Suryoatmojo, A. Kurniawan, F. A. Pamuji, I. G. P. S. Wijaya and H. Innah, "A Robust Frequency Control Approach in PV-Diesel Hybrid Power System," IPTEK Journal of Proceeding Series, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 188–194, 2014.

H. Suryoatmojo, A. Kurniawan, F. A. Pamuji, Nursalim, Syaffaruddin and H. Innah, "Smart Frequency Control in PV-Diesel Hybrid Power System," in Seminar on Intelligent Technology and Its Application, Surabaya, 2014.

Y. Mi, Y. Fu, J. B. Zhao and P. Wang, "The Novel Frequency Control Method for PV-diesel Hybrid System," in International Conference on Control and Automation (ICCA), Hangzhou, 2013.

M. Datta, T. Senjyu, A. Yona, T. Funabashi and C. K. Kim, "A Frequency-Control Approach by Photovoltaic Generator in a PV – Diesel Hybrid Power System," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 559–571, 2011.

Framby Udde Resort and S. Heartland, The Solar Boat, Scandinavian: Framby Udde Resort and S. Heartland, 2011.

O. Cristea, "Testing of PV Module Efficiency in Naval Conditions," in The 8th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering, Bucharest, 2013.

I. Glasner and J. Appelbaum, "Advantage of Boost vs. Buck Topology for Maximum Power Point Tracker in Photovoltaic Systems," in 19th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Jerusalem, 1996.

M. S. Syam and T. S. Kailas, "Grid connected PV system using Cuk converter," in International Conference on Microelectronics, Communication and Renewable Energy (ICMiCR), Kanjirapally, 2013.

A. Kumar, V. Gautam and P. Sensarma, "A SEPIC Derived Single Stage Buck-Boost Inverter for Photovoltaic Applications," in International Conference on Industrial Technology, Busan, 2014.

K. I. Hwu and Y. T. Yau, "A KY Boost Converter," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 11, p. 2699–2703, 2010.

A. Kurniawan and W. M. Faizal, "Metode pengaturan Tegangan pada Konverter KY menggunakan Kontroler PI," Inovtek, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 12–20, 2015.

A. Kurniawan, "Maximum Power Point Tracking for Stand Alone Photovoltaic System with KY Converter," International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 1–6, 2012.

A. Kurniawan and A. Harumwidiah, "Strategi Kendali Kecepatan Motor Induksi Menggunakan PWM Inverter Berbasis Jaringan Saraf Tiruan," TRANSMISI, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 83–88, 2015.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j20882033.v27i1.761


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/jts.