The Framework of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Implementation Stages for Malaysian Construction Industry

Nur Soleha Abdul Rahim, ShSarifah Akmam Syed Zakaria


Building Information Modeling (BIM) has attracted ever increasing attentions from construction industry stakeholders around the world including Malaysia. Numerous studies have been conducted in exploring the benefits of BIM and proposing strategies for BIM implementation. However, to convince the industry stakeholders to implement BIM technology is relatively challenging. Tangible evidences are needed to bring up the industry’s acceptability towards the technology. In Malaysia, the Construction Industry Transformation Programme (CITP) has been developed to drive the transformation and development of the construction industry. One of the cases highlighted in the CITP is on the limited adoption of information technology such as BIM. Therefore, currently the Malaysian government is actively engaging with construction industry stakeholders to encourage the BIM implementation. This paper aims to propose a framework of BIM implementation stages in the construction industry of Malaysia. Three case studies have been analysed as a fundamental study to develop the framework. The results show that two of the companies are at the adaptation stage and one of the companies is at the application stage. At this point of time, the results indicate that the companies are more comfortable to experience only some part of the BIM benefits compared to fully utilise the technology. Fundamentally, the companies will only be at the adoption stage once the confidence level towards the technology is increasing and the companies will be categorised in the application stage when the companies are able to perform knowledge transfer related to BIM technology. This implementation stages can be used as an indicator to predict the direction of BIM in Malaysia. Thus, to ensure the successfulness of BIM implementation, there is a need to understand the current stages of company’s BIM implementation and propose the criteria needed for a company to move from one BIM stage to another.


Building Information Modeling; Implementation Stages; Malaysian Construction Industry

Full Text:



I. Abdul Rahman, A. H. Memon, A. Karim, and A. Tarmizi, "Significant factors causing cost overruns in large construction projects in Malaysia," Journal of Applied Science, vol. 13, pp. 286-293, 2013.

A. H. Memon, I. A. Rahman, M. Akram, and N. M. Ali, "Significant factors causing time overrun in construction projects of Peninsular Malaysia," Modern Applied Science, vol. 8, p. 16, 2014.

K. A. M. Kamar and Z. A. Hamid, "Sustainable construction and green building: the case of Malaysia," WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, vol. 167, 2012.

Y. Lu, Y. Li, M. Skibniewski, Z. Wu, R. Wang, and Y. Le, "Information and communication technology applications in architecture, engineering, and construction organizations: A 15-year review," Journal of Management in Engineering, vol. 31, p. A4014010, 2014.

Z. Liu, M. Osmani, P. Demian, and A. N. Baldwin, "The potential use of BIM to aid construction waste minimalisation," 2011.

CIDB, Construction Industry Transformation Programme 2016-2020, 2015.

T. K. L. Tamboo. (2015, 7 March 2016). CITP to transform the construction industry before 2020.

CIDB, "Building Information Modeling Roadmap for Malaysia's Construction Industry," 2013.

H. Salleh and W. Phui Fung, "Building Information Modelling application: focus-group discussion," Građevinar, vol. 66, pp. 705-714, 2014.

A. T. Haron, "Organisational Readiness to Implement Building Information Modeling: A Framework for Design Consultants in Malaysia," Doctor of Philosophy, School of the Built Environment, University of Salford Manchaster, United Kingdom, 2013.

W. I. Enegbuma, U. G. Aliagha, and K. N. Ali, "Preliminary building information modelling adoption model in Malaysia: A strategic information technology perspective," Emerald Insight, vol. 14, pp. 408-432, 2014.

R. A. Wolfe, "Organizational Innovation: Review, Critique and Suggested Research Directions*," Journal of Management Studies, 3 May 1994 1994.

J. E. Ettlie, "Adequacy of stage models for decisions on adoption of innovation," Psychological Reports, vol. 46, pp. 991-995, 1980.

A. H. Memon, I. H. Rahman, I. Memon, and N. I. A. Azman, "BIM in Malaysian Construction Industry: Status, Advantages, Barriers and Strategies to Enhance the Implementation Level," Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, vol. 8, pp. 606-614, 2014.

A. A. Latiffi, S. Mohd, N. Kasim, and M. S. Fathi, "Building Information Modeling (BIM) Application in Malaysian Construction Industry," International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 2, pp. 1-6, 2013.

A. N. Harun, S. A. Samad, M. N. M. Nawi, and N. A. Haron, "Existing Practices of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Implementation in the Public Sector," International Journal of Supply Chain Management, vol. 5, pp. 166-177, 2016.

J. Won, G. Lee, C. Dossick, and J. Messner, "Where to Focus for Successful Adoption of Building Information Modeling within Organization," Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 139, 2013.

Z. Zakaria, N. M. Ali, A. T. Haron, A. Marshall-Ponting, and Z. A. Hamid, "Exploring the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the Malaysian construction industry: A qualitative approach.," International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, pp. 384-395, 2013.

Z. Zakaria, M. A. Nasly, T. H. Ahmad, A. Marshall-Ponting, and A. H. Zuhairi, "Exploring the Barriers and Driving Factors in Implementing Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the Malaysian Construction Industry: A Preliminary Study," Journal Institution of Engineers Malaysia, 2013.

S. Gardezi, S. Shujaa, N. Shafiq, M. F. Nurudinn, S. A. Farhan, and U. A. Umar, "Challenges for Implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Malaysian Construction Industry," Applied Mechanics & Materials, 2014.

S. Mamter and A. R. Abdul Aziz, "Holistic BIM Adoption and Diffusion in Malaysia," MATEC Web Conf., vol. 66, p. 00094, 2016.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View my Stat: Click Here

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.