A Comparative Analysis between Food Affordability and Healthy Life Among The Rural and Urban People of Bangladesh

Prodipto Bishnu Angon, Md. Shafiul Islam


Good health depends on moderate and proper nutritional food. There is a noticeable difference in eating patterns between individuals living in rural and urban regions. The central aspect of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the health of rural and urban people with their eating habits. In February 2022, data were collected from 1,400 people in Bangladesh’s major cities through offline and online surveys and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25 and Microsoft Excel. Three types of correlation are brought out among the selected parameters, such as local people will be able to protect themselves from heart disease by consuming vegetables. The paper highlights the staple food of people of all ages in Bangladesh as well as their daily food intake time and quantity through a comprehensive survey. People will be able to adjust their health depending on the type and amount of food they consume, and they will also be able to know whether urban people are ahead of rural people and vice versa. This research can bring good health to the people by reviewing the food habits of the people of the village and the city.


Bangladeshi People; Food Consumption; Food Habit; Health Diseases; Healthy Life; Village and Urban Life

Full Text:

Full Text


Cardenas D, Correia MITD, Ochoa JB, Hardy G, Rodriguez-Ventimilla D, Bermúdez CE, et al. Clinical nutrition and human rights. An international position paper. Clinical Nutrition 2021;40(6):4029–4036.

Plantone D, Pardini M, Rinaldi G. Riboflavin in neurological diseases: a narrative review. Clinical Drug Investigation 2021;41(6):513–527.

Sogari G, Velez-Argumedo C, Gómez MI, Mora C. College students and eating habits: A study using an ecological model for healthy behavior. Nutrients 2018;10(12):1823.

Organization WH, et al. WHO initiative to estimate the global burden of foodborne diseases: increasing impact through collaboration: foodborne disease stakeholder meeting, 20 November 2008, Geneva. World Health Organization; 2009.

Uçar A, Yilmaz MV, Çakıroğlu FP. Food Safety–Problems and Solutions. In: Makun HA, editor. Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases IntechOpen; 2016.p. 1–22. https://doi.org/10.5772/63176.

Patel A, Prakash AA, Das PK, Gupta S, Pusdekar YV, Hibberd PL. Maternal anemia and underweight as determinants of pregnancy outcomes: cohort study in eastern rural Maharashtra, India. BMJ open 2018;8(8):e021623.

Hossain MI, Huq S, Ahmed T. Changes in Nutritional Status and Morbidities Among Children Having Severe Acute Malnutrition Attending a Nutrition Follow-Up Unit in Bangladesh Who Did Not Receive Any Food Supplementation. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2021;42(3):399–405.

Razon AH, Haque MI, Ahmed MF, Ahmad T. Assessment of dietary habits, nutritional status and common health complications of older people living in rural areas of Bangladesh. Heliyon 2022;8(2):e08947.

Skinner K, Pratley E, Burnett K. Eating in the city: A review of the literature on food insecurity and Indigenous people living in urban spaces. Societies 2016;6(2):7.

Eng CW, Lim SC, Ngongo C, Sham ZH, Kataria I, Chandran A, et al. Dietary practices, food purchasing, and perceptions about healthy food availability and affordability: a cross-sectional study of low-income Malaysian adults. BMC Public Health 2022;22(1):1–9.

Cafer AM, Kaiser ML. An analysis of differences in predictors of food affordability between rural and urban counties. Journal of Poverty 2016;20(1):34–55.

Lane JM, Davis BA. Food, physical activity, and health deserts in Alabama: the spatial link between healthy eating, exercise, and socioeconomic factors. GeoJournal 2022;p. 1–21.

Sanchez-Sabate R, Zunino E, Badilla-Briones Y, Celedon Celis N, Caro Saldias D. Chilean Digital Press Coverage of the Relation between Diet and Mental Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021;18(5):2273.

Testa A, Jackson DB, Semenza DC, Vaughn MG. Food deserts and cardiovascular health among young adults. Public health nutrition 2021;24(1):117–124.

Angon PB, Salehin I, Mondal S, Khan MMR, Uddin MN, Lopa IJ. A survey on Healthy Food Demand and Diseases Factors in Urban and Rural Area: Prospective on Bangladesh. In: 2021 IEEE 6th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Automation (ICCCA) IEEE; 2021. p. 316–321.

Angon PB, Khan MMR, Islam MS, Parvin R. Evaluating the parameters influencing agricultural productivity due to the limitations of smartphone-related knowledge among farmers. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science 2022;7(1):80–85.

Bovalino S, Charleson G, Szoeke C. The impact of red and processed meat consumption on cardiovascular disease risk in women. Nutrition 2016;32(3):349–354.

Matos E, Thomas D, Sobel N, Vuoto D. Breast cancer in Argentina: case-control study with special reference to meat eating habits. Neoplasma 1991;38(3):357–366.

Van Duyn MAS, Pivonka E. Overview of the health benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption for the dietetics professional: selected literature. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2000;100(12):1511–1521.

Bhaskar R. Junk food: Impact on health. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics 2012;2(3).

Martinon P, Fraticelli L, Giboreau A, Dussart C, Bourgeois D, Carrouel F. Nutrition as a key modifiable factor for periodontitis and main chronic diseases. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2021;10(2):197.

Angelino D, Godos J, Ghelfi F, Tieri M, Titta L, Lafranconi A, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes: An umbrella review of observational studies. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2019;70(6):652–667.

Blekkenhorst LC, Sim M, Bondonno CP, Bondonno NP, Ward NC, Prince RL, et al. Cardiovascular health benefits of specific vegetable types: a narrative review. Nutrients 2018;10(5):595.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j20882033.v33i2.13552


  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/jts.