Menjadi Manusia Spiritual-Ekologis Di Tengah Krisis Lingkungan - Sebuah Review

Frederikus Fios


Natural damage resulting from development activities committed human beings cannot be avoided. The deforestation is happening reduces the amount of forest area of Indonesia from Sabang to Merauke. The cause of the damage to our human nature as a subject of the spiritual-ecological. The materialist economic paradigm of mastering the mindset of human. The primacy of the spiritual-ecological neglected in development activities. This research aims to find an  alternative relevant human models to restore nature in the midst of a crisis of the global environment and the context of Indonesia in particular. This paper is developed using the method especially ethical reflection. Finding a spiritual ecological thought as ontological basic human life in harmony with nature. Become a spiritual-ecological human being capable of providing solutions to the environmental crisis that happened an minimize the environmental crisis for the sake of ecological sustainability of creation.


human; spiritual; ecological; crises; environmental

Full Text:



Bochert, D (ed.). 2006. Encyclopedia of Philosophy Volume 3 (Detroit: Thomson Gale).

Fios, Frederikus (2013). Pengantar Filsafat: Ilmu dan Logika (Jakarta: Salemba Humanika)

Fios, Frederikus & Gea Antonius (2017). Character Building: Spiritual Development. (Jakarta: Binus Media & Publishing)

Gorke, Martin (2003) The Death of Our Planet Species (Washington, Covelo, London: Island Press)

Heidegger, Martin (trans.) John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (1962). Being and Time. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.

Marshal, Allan (2002) The Unity of Nature (London: Imperial College Press).

Maslow, Abraham (terj.) (1992) Religion, Values and Peak Experience (LPBAJ: Maumere).

Naess, Arne (1989) Ecology, Community and Life Style, (Cambridge-UK, Cambridge University Press)

Roy. E. Allen (2007) Human Ecology Economics (London & New York: Routledge)

Singh, Vir (1991) My Poland Diary, unpublished paper diakses 11 Maret 2015

Skolimowski, Henryk (1981). Eco-Philosophy: Designing New Tactics for Living. Boston: M. Boyars

Skolimowski, Henryk (1993), A Secret Place to Dwell, Element Books.

Spinoza, Baruch (Yosep Ratner ed.) (2010). Philosophy of Spinoza. Produced by Alicia Williams and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at, [EBook #31205, Retreived February 7, 2010

Teanor, Brian (2006) Aspects of Alterity (Levinas, Marcel and the Contemporary Debate). New York: Fordham University Press.

Tucker, Evelyn Mary & Grim, A John (2003). Worldviews and Ecology: Religion, Philosophy, and the Environment (New York: Orbis Book).

Zohar, Danah & Marshall. Ian (2007) “SQ: Spiritual Intelligence, Ultimate Intelligence”. London: Bloomsbury., diakses 5 April 5, 2016., diakses April 5, 2016., diakses April 5, 2016.

"Hoyle on the Radio: Creating the 'Big Bang'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014, diakses September 4, 2017., diakses November 15, 2017. diakses 16 November 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

p-ISSN (1979-5521)  e-ISSN (2443-3527)