Community-Based Tourism Transformation: What Does The Local Community Need?
UNCTAD, “Covid-19 and tourism. Assessing the economic consequences,” United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2020.
UNWTO, "Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals," World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain, 2020.
P. Jones, D. Hillier, and D. Comfort, “The sustainable development goals and the tourism and hospitality industry,” Athens Journal of Tourism, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 7–18, 2017, doi: 10.30958/ajt.4.1.1.
C. Biswas and M. M. O. Rashid, “The role of tourism entrepreneurship businesses in the economic development: an overview,” International Journal of Business and Tehnopreneurship, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 167–176, 2018.
C. L. Bunghez, “The importance of tourism to a destination’s economy,” Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics, pp. 1–9, 2016, doi: 10.5171/2016.143495.
Oxford Economics, “Travel & Tourism as a Driver of Economic Development in Jamaica,” Oxford Economics, Oxford, UK, 2012.
A.-M. Dinu, “The importance of tourism and touristic services in gdp,” Quaestus Multidisciplinary Research Journal, pp. 73–80, 2000.
D. F. Meyer and N. Mayer, “The role and impact of tourism on local economic development: a comparative study,” African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, vol. 21, no. 1:1, pp. 197–214, 2015.
Oxford Economics, “Tourism: Jobs and Growth. The Economic Contribution of the Tourism Economy in the UK,” Oxford Economics, London, 2013.
M. Antara and M. S. Sumarniasih, “Role of tourism in economy of Bali and Indonesia,” Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 34–44, 2017, doi: 10.15640/jthm.v5n2a4.
M. Robinson and D. Picard, “Tourism, Culture and Sustainable Development,” UNESCO, France, 2006.
A. Dupeyras and N. MacCallum, “Indicators for measuring competitiveness in tourism: a guidance document,” OECD Publishing, 2013/02, 2013. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k47t9q2t923-en.
L. J. Lickorish and C. L. Jenkins, An Introduction to Tourism. Oxford: Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd, 1997.
A. Khan, S. Bibi, A. Lorenzo, J. Lyu, and Z. U. Babar, “Tourism and development in developing economies: a policy implication perspective,” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 1618, pp. 1–19, 2020, doi: 10.3390/su12041618.
N. Luvanga and J. Shitundu, “The Role of Tourism in Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania,” Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA), Tanzania, Research Report No. 03.4, 2003. [Online]. Available: www.mkukinanyota.com.
ILO, “Developments and challenges in the hospitality and tourism sector,” International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, GDFHTS/2010, 2010.
G. Kreag, “The Impacts of Tourism,” The University of Minnesota, Duluth.
C. O. Moisă, “The importance and the role of tourism in the economic and social life of alba county,” Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 126–140, 2015, doi: 10.29302/oeconomica.2015.17.1.10.
A. Sharma, S. Kukreja, and A. Sharma, “Role of tourism in social and economic development of society,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 10–31, 2012.
M. Rebstock, “Economic Benefits of Improved Accessibility to Transport Systems and the Role of Transport in Fostering Tourism for All,” OECD, Paris, Discussion Paper No. 2017-04, 2017.
O. H. Mwinuka, “Reviewing the role of tourism marketing in successful sustainable tourist destinations,” African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1–11, 2017.
S. S. Sahoo and B. G. Mukunda, “Role of Social Media in Promoting Tourism Business – A Study on Tourism Promotion in Odisha,” presented at the International Conference People Connect: Networking for Sustainable Development, 2017, [Online]. Available: www.ijcrt.org.
P. S. Manhas, L. A. Manrai, and A. K. Manrai, “Role of tourist destination development in building its brand image: a conceptual model,” Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, vol. 21, pp. 25–29, 2016.
D. Meyer, “Tourism Routes and Gateways: Key Issues for the Development of Tourism Routes and Gateways and their Potential for Pro-Poor Tourism.,” Overseas Development Institute, 2004.
P. Mason, Tourism Impacts, Planning and Management. Oxford: Peter Mason, 2003.
University of Pretoria, “Tourism Demand and Supply,” University of Pretoria, pp. 46–111.
E. Muhanna, “Sustainable tourism development and environmental management for developing countries,” Problems and Perspectives in Management, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 14–30, 2006.
E. G. Küçükaltan and I. Pirnar, “Competitiveness factors of a tourism destination and impact on residents’ quality of life: the case of cittaslow-seferihisar,” Journal of Tourism, Heritage & Services Marketing, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 22–29, 2016.
D. Ushakov, M. Ermilova, and E. Andreeva, “Destination branding as a tool for sustainable tourism development (the case of bangkok, thailand),” Espacios, vol. 39, no. 47, 2018.
I. Batinić, “The role and importance of the internet in contemporary tourism in travel agencies business,” International Journal of Cognitive Research in science, engineering and education, vol. 1, no. 2, 2013, [Online]. Available: www.ijcrsee.com.
R. Delgado, “The role of tourism businesses to promote local destinations in japan to attract international tourists,” Ritsumeikan Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, vol. 37, pp. 46–57, 2019.
F. Alasgarova, “The Role of Tourism Transport’s Development in Economic Growth,” 3, 2017.
A. L. Negrușa and M. M. Coroș, “Destination Management Organizations’ (dmos’) Roles and Performance – Literature Review,” Romania, 2016, pp. 267–274.
A. Anszperger, “The role of public administration in tourism development in the case of the Torun County,” Public Policy and Administration, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 553–566., 2017.
I. Ana, “The tourism destination marketing-a mandatory course for the students of tourism,” Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 918–922, 2008.
A. Kiráľová and A. Pavlíčeka, “Development of social media strategies in tourism destination,” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 175, pp. 358 – 366, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.1211.
OECD, “Key Findings. Tourism Trends and Policies 2020 OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2020.,” OECD, 2020. [Online]. Available: www.oecd.org/cfe/tourism.
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy of the Republic of Indonesia and ILO, “Strategic Plan. Sustainable Tourism and Green Jobs for Indonesia,” International Labour Organization, Jakarta, 2012.
M. A. Camilleri, “The Planning and Development of the Tourism Product,” in Tourism Planning and Destination Marketing, M.A.Camilleri., UK: Emerald Publishing Limited, 2019, pp. 1–23.
M. Soteriades, “Tourism destination marketing: approaches improving effectiveness and efficiency,” Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 107–120, 2012, doi: 10.1108/17579881211248781.
H. M. Bhola-Paul, “Tourism challenges and the opportunities for sustainability: a case study of grenada, barbados, and tobago,” Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, vol. 3, no. 9–10, pp. 204–213, 2015, doi: 10.17265/2328-2169/2015.10.004.
S. Vengesayi, F. Mavondo, and Y. Reisinger, “Tourism destination attractiveness: attractions, facilities, and people as predictors,” Tourism Analysis, vol. 14, pp. 621–636, 2009, doi: 10.3727/108354209X12597959359211.
U. Sunlu, “Environmental impacts of tourism,” in Local resources and global trades: Environments and agriculture in the Mediterranean region, In Camarda D. & Grassini L. (ed.)., Bari : CIHEAM, 2003, pp. 263–270.
A. Asadzadeh and M. S. S. Mousavi, “The role of tourism on the environment and its governing law,” Electronic Journal of Biology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 152–158, 2017.
GeoPark Life, “Good Practice Guide. The Role of Tourism Enterprises,” GeoPark Life.
M. Muhamad and A. G. Prima, “Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Destination Development Achievements (Indicators of Sustainable Tourism Development (STD), Sustainable Tourism Observatory (STO) Towards Sustainable Tourism Certification (STC) in Pulesari Village, Wonokerto, Turi District, Sleman Regency, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta),” 2016, pp. 0121–0125.
J. Seyidov and R. Adomaitienė, “Factors influencing local tourists’ decision-making on choosing a destination: a case of azerbaijan,” Ekonomika, vol. 95, no. 3, doi: 10.15388/ekon.2016.3.10332.
I. Kunst, “The role of the government in promoting tourism investment in selected mediterranean countries - implications for the republic of croatia,” Tourism and Hospitality Management, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 115–130, 2011.
A. B. Suhel, “The role of tourism toward economic growth in the local economy,” Economic Journal of Emerging Market, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 32–39, 2018.
D. Ramsey, “The Role of the State in Tourism Product Development and Promotion Product Development and Promotion in Manitob.” Brandon University.
LGMA, CCMA, and Local Authorities Ireland, “Role of Local Government in Tourism,” LGMA, CCMA, Local Authorities Ireland, 2016.
N. M. Breakey, “Tourism Destination Development – Beyond Butler,” Dissertation, The University of Queensland, 2005.
D. Buhalis, “Marketing the Competitive Destination of the Future,” University of Westminste, England, Tourism Management. [Online]. Available: http://www.wmin.ac.uk/Env/UDP/staff/buhalis.htm.
United Nations, “Promoting Foreign Investment in Tourism,” United Nations, New York & Geneva, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Series A, number 5, 2010.
O. Kulusjärvi, “Resort-oriented tourism development and local tourism networks – a case study from northern finland,” Fennia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 2016.
M. Żemła, “Tourism destination: the networking approach,” Moravian Geographical Reports, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 2–16, 2016, doi: 10.1515/mgr-2016-0018.
OECD, “The Impact of Culture on Tourism,” OECD, 2009. [Online]. Available: www.oecd.org/publishing/corrigenda.
I. Mihajlović and M. Vidak, “The importance of local events for positioning of tourist destination,” European Journal of Social Sciences Education and Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 228–239, 2017.
J. Csapó, “The role and importance of cultural tourism in modern tourism industry,” in Strategies for Tourism Industry - Micro and Macro Perspectives, 2012.
R. M. Thetsane, “Local community participation in tourism development: the case of katse villages in lesotho,” Athens Journal of Tourism, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 123–140, 2019, doi: 10.30958/ajt.6-2-4.
A. J. Kadi, M. Jaafar, and F. Hassan, “Review of literature of the rural heritage tourism destination,” SHS Web of Conference, vol. 12, no. 0100, 2014, doi: 10.1051/shsconf/20141201008.
J.-E. Lim and H. R. Lee, “Living as residents in a tourist destination: a phenomenological approach,” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 1836, pp. 1–12, 2020, doi: 10.3390/su12051836.
M. Taylor and M. Wilson, “Changing communities: supporting voluntary and community organisations to adapt to local demographic and cultural change,” The Baring Foundation, 2015.
Barrow Cadbury Trust, “Adapting to Change: The Role of Community Resilience,” The Young Foundation, London, 2012. [Online]. Available: www.youngfoundation.org.
E. R. Oetting, B. A. Plested, R. W. Edwards, P. J. Thurman, K. J. Kelly, and F. Beauvais, “Community Readiness for Community Change,” in Tri-Ethnic Center Community Readiness Handbook, 2nd ed., Sage Hall: Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research, Colorado University, 2014, pp. 1–43.
B. A. Plested, R. W. Edwards, and P. Jumper-Thurman, Community Readiness: A handbook for successful change. Fort Collins: CO: Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research, 2006.
N. Walzer, “Bringing about Community Change Collective Impact Issues,” presented at the Community Development Society Annual Meetings, Lexington, 2015.
C. C. Sonn, N. M. Drew, and P. Kasat, “Conceptualising Community Cultural Development: The Role of Cultural Planning in Community Change,” Community Arts Network (WA) Inc, Cloisters Square, 2002. [Online]. Available: www.canwa.com.au.
Good and Healthy, “Key Factors for Community Change and Improvement,” South Dakota Communities.
S. D. Evans and C. Loomis, “Organizational and Community Change,” in Critical Psychology: An Introduction, D. Fox, I. Prilleltensky&S. Austin (Eds.)., Sage, 2009, pp. 373–390.
M. Emery, S. Fey, and C. Flora, “Using community capitals to develop assets for positive community change,” CD Practice, vol. 13, pp. 1–19, 2006.
J. Dean-Coffey, N. Farkouh, and A. Reisch, “Dimensions of change: a model for community change efforts,” The Foundation Review, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 42–64, 2012, doi: 10.4087/FOUNDATIONREVIEW-D-12-00010.1.
Community Science, “Emerging Action Principles for Designing and Planning Community Change.,” Community Science, Gaithersburg, ol. 1, No. 1, 2015.
P. Born, “Our Community can Change| When we Work Together Well,” Tamarack Institute, 2016.
A. A. Anderson and S. Milligan, “Social Capital and Community Building,” in Community Change: Theories, Practice, and Evidence, K. FulBright-Anderson&P. AusPos (Eds)., Washington DC: The Aspen Institute, 2006, pp. 21–59.
S. Behzad and N. Ahmad, “The role of the community in community’s development: promotion of self dependence through education,” African Journal of Business Management, vol. 6, no. 49, pp. 11896–11901, 2012, doi: 10.5897/AJBM10.1603.
P. Auspos and A. C. . Kubisch, “Building Knowledge about community Change. Moving Beyond Evaluations,” The Aspen Institute, New York, 2004. [Online]. Available: www.aspenroundtable.org.
A. C. Kubisch, P. Auspos, P. Brown, and T. Dewar, “Community Change Initiatives from 1990-2010: Accomplishments and Implications for Future Work,” Vol 2, Issue 2, 2010.
The Youth Affairs Council of Victoria, Taking youth seriously. Creating change in your community. A handbook for young people. Melbourne: Department of Victorian Communities, 2004.
CADCA’s National Coalition Institute, “Defining the Seven Strategies for Community Change,” CADCA’s National Coalition Institute, 2016. [Online]. Available: aodpartnership.org.
M. Courtney, L. Weaver, and S. Cheuy, “Reflections on Community Change| Two Countries, two Perspectives, One Vision for Moving Forward,” Tamarack Institute.
D. Biggs et al., “Developing a theory of change for a community-based response to illegal wildlife trade,” Conservation Practice and Policy, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 5–12, 2016, doi: 10.1111/cobi.12796.
R. R. Stoecker, Research Methods for Community Change. Madison, Chile: SAGE Publications, Inc, 2005.
A. A. Anderson, “The Community Builder’s Approach to Theory of Change. A Practical Guide to Theory Development,” The Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change, New York. [Online]. Available: andreaA@aspenroundtable.org.
K. Hubbell and M. Emery, “Engaging in Sustainable Community Change A Community Guide to Working with a Coach.” [Online]. Available: www.communitycoaching.com.
D. Rahmawati, S. Soedarso, A. Suryani, B. M. Wibowo, A. Muklason, and E. Endarko, “Pelatihan Marine Tourism Branding Berbasiskan Kearifan Lokal untuk Pariwisata yang Inklusif di Desa Dalegan Kabupaten Gresik, Jawa Timur,” Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Proposal, 2020.
B. Hancock, E. Ockleford, and K. Windridge, “An Introduction to Qualitative Research,” National Institute for Health Research, Nottingham, 2007.
C. Palmer and A. Bolderston, “A brief introduction to qualitative research,” The Canadian Journal of Medical Radiation Technology, pp. 16–19, 2006.
W. M. Watt, “Facilitating social change leadership theory: 10 recommendations toward effective leadership,” Journal of Leadership Education, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 50–71, 2009.
C. Giles, L. Johnson, S. Brooks, and S. L. Jacobson, “Building bridges, building community: transformational leadership in a challenging urban context,” Journal of School Leadership, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 519–545, 2005.
M. Chirichello, “Building Capacity for Change: Transformational Leadership for School Principals,” presented at the the Annual International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement, San Antonio, 1999.
M. Cleveland and S. Cleveland, “Building engaged communities—a collaborative leadership approach,” Smart Cities, vol. 1, pp. 155–162, 2018, doi: 10.3390/smartcities1010009.
C. Orians, A. Chew, and P. Rowland, “Evaluating Leadership for Social Change,” ORS Impact, 2018.
M. Creyton, “Community Leadership,” QUT & Volunteering Queensland, 2002.
Kellogg Foundation, “The Collective Leadership Framework A Workbook for Cultivating and Sustaining Community Change,” Kellogg Foundation, 2007.
J. McNeely, S. Aiyetoro, and P. Bowsher, “The Paths to Leadership in Community Change,” The Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, 1999.
P. Kirk and A. M. Shutte, “Community leadership development,” Community Development Journal, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 234–251, 2004, doi: 10.1093/cdj/bsh019.
J. A. Kanapi and A. M. C. Sanchez, “Transformational Leadership in a Learning Community,” A Working Paper, 2018.
N. S. Chili and N. A. Ngxongo, “The role of community leadership in fostering an agenda of active community participation in rural regional tourism development: perspectives from umhlwazini,” African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1–12, 2017.
K. Sandell, “Transformational Leadership, Engagement, and Performance: A New Perspective,” Master Thesis, Colorado State University, Colorado, 2012.
F. Avant, K. Rich-Rice, and S. Copeland, “Leadership and rural communities,” International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 53–59, 2013.
J. G. Liang and L. R. Sandmann, “Leadership for community engagement—a distributed leadership perspective,” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 35–64, 2015.
S. Ajmal, M. Z. Farooq, N. Sajid, and S. Awan, “Role of leadership in change management process,” Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 111–124.
M. J. Hao and R. Yazdanifard, “How effective leadership can facilitate change in organizations through improvement and innovation,” Global Journal of Management and Business Research: A Administration and Management, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1–6, 2015.
K. Pigg, “Thinking Anew about Community Leadership,” SDRC, SRDC Series: Leadership and Civic Engagement Publication #264.
J. L. Arches, “Connecting to communities: transformational leadership from africentric and feminist perspectives,” The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 113–124, 1997.
J. Trevor and R. Hill, “Developing transformational leadership capability,” Developing Leaders, vol. 9, pp. 42–47, 2012.
R. Bolden and P. Kirk, “Leadership Development as a Catalyst for Social Change: Lessons from a Pan-African Programme,” in Worldly Leadership: Alternative wisdoms for a complex world, Turnbull et al. (eds)., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
I. Carreras, A. Leaverton, and M. Sureda, “Leaders for Social Change Characteristics and Competencies of Leadership in NGOs,” ESADE, 2009.
R. Flowers and D. Waddell, Community Leadership Development Handbook. Australia: Centre for Popular Education, 2004.
A. A. M. Rami, R. Abdullah, and M. H. A. Simin, “Influence of leadership in rural community development in the state of terengganu, malaysia,” Asian Journal For Poverty Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 47–52, 2017, doi: 10.33369/ajps.v3i1.2669.
H. A. Gabbar, N. Honarmand, and A. A. Abdelsalam, “Transformational leadership and its impact on governance and development in African nations: an analytical approach,” Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organization Management, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 1000121–1000121, 2014.
WHO, “Open Mindsets: Participatory Leadership for Health,” World Health Organization, France, 2016.
A. Giampiccoli and M. Saayman, “Community-based tourism development model and community participation,” African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, vol. 7, no. 4, 2018, [Online]. Available: http//: www.ajhtl.com.
F. Ahmeti, “Building community capacity for tourism development in transitional countries: case of Kosovo,” European Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 536–543, 2013.
Musadad, “Community participation in nature tourism development: lessons from pindul cave in yogyakarta, indonesia,” Kawistara, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 111–212, 2018, doi: 10.22146/kawistara.27957.
F. Aref and M. B. Redzuan, “Tourism development for community capacity building and community development,” TEAM Journal of Hospitality & Tourism, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 68–72, 2008.
A. Marzuki and J. Khoo, “Community development strategies for tourism development in langkawi islands, malaysia,” in From Empirical Research Towards Practical Application, 2016, pp. 15–29.
Y. Anggraheni, Hermawan, and Sujarwoto, “Understanding community participation within sustainable rural tourism development (a case study in kalibiru village, yogyakarta special region, indonesia),” Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 301–309, 2018.
R. Dodds, A. Ali, and K. Galaski, “Mobilising knowledge: determining key elements for success and pitfalls in developing community based tourism,” Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 1547–1568, 2016.
Zefnihan and Z. Alhadi, “Community-based tourism development viewed from economic, social culture and environment aspects in mandeh’s integrated marine tourism area,” MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 229, 2018, doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201822901006.
S. Khalid, M. S. Ahmad, T. Ramayah, J. Hwang, and I. Kim, “Community empowerment and sustainable tourism development: the mediating role of community support for tourism,” Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 6248, 2019, doi: 10.3390/su11226248.
M. Karmilah, W. Nuryanti, N. Soewarno, and B. Setiawan, “Community involvement in tourism development: as strategy for poverty alleviation after the earthquake (case study: Kasongan Village Yogyakarta),” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1–7, 2014.
www.cabi.org, “The Why and How of Community-Led Tourism Development.” www.cabi.org.
S. M. Rasoolimanesh and M. Jaafar, “Community Participation toward Tourism Development and Conservation Program in Rural World Heritage Sites,” in Tourism - From Empirical Research Towards Practical Application, Leszek Butowski (Edt)., In Tech, 2016, pp. 1–14.
S. Moyo and T. M. Tichaawa, “Community involvement and participation in tourism development: a zimbabwe study,” African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Lei sure, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2017.
M. Michael, “Community Involvement and Participation in Tourism Development in Tanzania A Case Study of Local Communities in Barabarani Village, Mto wa Mbu, Arusha-Tanzania,” Master Thesis, the Victoria University of Wellington, 2009.
N. Z. A. Khadar, M. Jaafar, and D. Mohamad, “Community involvement in tourism development: a case study of lenggong valley world heritage site,” SHS Web of Conferences, vol. 12, no. 01094, pp. 1–7, 2014, doi: 10.1051/shsconf/20141201094.
P. Claiborne, “Community Participation in Tourism Development and the Value of Social Capital -the case of Bastimentos, Bocas del Toro, Panamá,” Master Thesis, Uniersity of Gothenburg, 2010.
F. Aref, “Sense of community and participation for tourism development,” Life Science Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 20–25, 2011.
D. Gazivoda, “An Analysis of Stakeholders’ Collaboration in Destination: The Case of Montenegro,” Master Thesis, University of Ljubljana, 2014.
T. De Lacy, M. Battig, S. Moore, and S. Noakes, “Public/Private Partnerships for Sustainable Tourism Delivering A Sustainability Strategy for Tourism Destinations,” APEC, Singapore, 2002.
A. Fathimath, “The Role of Stakeholder Collaboration in Sustainable Tourism Competitivenss: The Case of Auckland, New Zealand,” Thesis, Auckland University of Technology, 2015.
S. Graci, “Collaboration and partnership development for sustainable tourism,” Tourism Geographies, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 25–42, 2013.
KPMG Canada, “Co-operation and Partnerships in Tourism: A Global Perspective,” WTO, Spain, 2003.
T. Jamal and A. Stronza, “Collaboration theory and tourism practice in protected areas: stakeholders, structuring and sustainability,” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 169–189, 2009, doi: 10.1080/09669580802495741.
A. M. Cameron, A. Memon, D. G. Simmons, and J. R. Fairweather, “Evolving Role of Local Government in Promoting Sustainable Tourism Development on the West Coast,” Lincoln University, Report No. 28, 2001.
D.-K. Kim, C. Kim, and T.-H. Lee, “Public and Private Partnership for Facilitating Tourism Investment in the APEC Region,” APEC Working Group, Singapore, TWG 01 / 2004, 2005.
C. Fernandes, “The Role of Local Networking in Facilitating Community Tourism Development,” in Book of Proceeding Vol II, Portugal, 2011, vol. 2, pp. 1020–1024.
T. Charleen, M. Kumbirai, and K. Forbes, “Collaboration and stakeholder involvement for tourism development in zimbabwe,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2014.
C. Ashley, C. Poultney, G. Haysom, D. McNab, and A. Harris, “How to…? Tips and tools for South African tourism companies on local procurement, products and partnerships. Brief 3: Building local partnerships,” Overseas Development Institute and Business Linkages in Tourism, 2005.
L. Roberts and F. Simpson, “Developing partnership approaches to tourism in Central and Eastern Europe,” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 7, no. 3 & 4, pp. 314–330, 1999.
I. Slivar, “Stakeholders in a tourist destination – matrix of possible relationships towards sustainability,” Open Journal for Research in Economics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2018.
- There are currently no refbacks.
View my Stat: Click Here
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.