Simulation of Gas-Solid-Liquid Flow in Membrane Bioreactor Submerged

A. E. Palupi, A. H. Harahap, A. D. Meydita, S. Winardi, A. Altway


Hydrodynamics characteristic for the mixing of gas-solid-liquid in membrane bioreactor submerged (MBRs) and its influence on mass transfer was studied computationally at various solid concentration, incoming gas rate, and the baffle distance. Computational method was conducted by using software GAMBIT 2.1.6. for the making of the grid which represents the calculation domain and conduct the simulation using CFD software FLUENT commercial code 6.2.16. The calculation result was recorded after the iteration reach the certain convergence level. Multiphase flow in reactor was simulated with mixture model, while to model the turbulence characteristic of the flow standard k-ε model was used. The geometric system studied is bioreactor in the form of box with flat bottom, 2 baffles, submerged hollow fiber membrane and air passage at the bottom of the reactor. For the membrane modeling, it is used two approaches that is membrane as black box and membrane as porous media. The liquid used is water, and the solid is activated sludge, and air acts as gas phase. The result indicates that gas-solidliquid system with the nearest baffle location from the membrane cause, the liquid dispersion process goes faster, so that fluid in the tank can be mixed perfectly and it can increase the gas-liquid mass transfer rate and the flux at MBRs. The increase of the solid concentration does not significantly affect the change of gas-liquid mass transfer rate and flux through the membrane, but the increase of air flow rate can increase the gas-liquid mass transfer and the flux. Porous media approach give the prediction of the gas hold up distribution more over all than black box approach. The position of baffle 9 cm from tank wall is the best position viewed from the balance between the of air flow with the circulating fluid flow. Considered from the solid distribution, double inlet MBRs is better compared to that of single inlet. Flux obtained does not show significant difference. From both approaches of the membrane model, membrane model as porous media give the simulation results closer to the experimental data.


MBRs; Hydrodynamic; Simulation CFD; Gassolid- Liquid

Full Text:



Witzig, Z., W. Manz, S. Rosenberg, U. Kruger, M. Kraume, U. Szewzyk., “Microbial Aspect of a Bioreactor with Submerged Membranes for Aerobic Treatment of Municipal Wastewater”,

Water Research, 36, p,394-402. Pergamon. 2002.

Yamamoto, K., M. Hiasa, T. Mahmood, and T. Matsuo., "Direct Solid-Liquid Separation Using Hollow Fiber Membrane in an Activated Sludge Aeration Tank", Water Science Tech., 21, p.43- 54. 1989.

Bodzek, Michael, Z. Debkowska, E. Lobos, and K. Konieczny, “Bio-membrane Wastewater Treatment by Activated Sludge Method”, Desalination Journal, Elsevier Science, 107, p.83-95. 1996.

Versteeg, H. G. and Malalasakera, W., "An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamic", Longman Group Ltd. 1995.

Fluent Inc, "Fluent 6.2 User Guide", Vol.3, Fluent Inc, Lebanon. 1998.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

IPTEK Journal of Science and Technology by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at